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Gil Kurland (1904-1978) was born in Austin, Michigan, and lived in St. Paul, Minnesota, and Chicago before his family moved to Venice, California, in 1913. Kurland began his career as an office boy in the Universal casting department and was a second assistant director at the studio by 1923. (His father, Maurice, was Carl Laemmle's chauffeur.) Kurland moved up to first assistant director in 1927, and in 1930 became production manager for sound sequences. From 1932 through 1938 he was head of the Sound and Music Departments at Universal. The Universal Sound Department was nominated for an Academy Award for the sound recording of "The Bride of Frankenstein" (1935). In June 1938 Kurland moved to MGM, initially as a first assistant director and later as unit production manager in October 1941, a position he held until September 1945. He returned to Universal at that time as assistant production manager, and in November 1951 became the studio production manager. In May 1957 he was hired as production manager for Hecht-Hill-Lancaster Productions. Between January 1964 and July 1965 he was production manager on two films for Universal, shot in Spain and Portugal. Kurland's career ended in 1965 with a job as production manager on a Hanna-Barbera television pilot.